The benefits of animal-assisted therapy

January 23, 2024

In the ever-evolving field of healthcare, one technique that has emerged and gained popularity over the years is animal-assisted therapy (AAT). It’s a therapeutic intervention that incorporates animals, such as dogs, horses, and even dolphins, in the treatment process. Over time, studies have shown the potential benefits to patients’ physical and mental health, yielding results that conventional therapy sometimes cannot. Today, we delve deeper into the therapeutic world of AAT, exploring how our furry friends contribute to our wellbeing and health.

The Essence of Animal-Assisted Therapy

Before we delve into the benefits of animal-assisted therapy, let’s first comprehend what this therapy entails. AAT is a form of therapy that involves animals as a form of treatment. The goal of AAT is to improve a patient’s social, emotional, or cognitive functioning. This therapeutic approach can be used in various settings, from hospitals and nursing homes to schools and prisons.

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According to a Google scholar review, numerous studies have proven the positive impact of animal therapy on people suffering from different health conditions. Essentially, AAT represents a bridge between conventional therapy and alternative treatment options, offering a unique approach to patient care.

Dogs: The Main Players in AAT

Within the realm of animal-assisted therapy, dogs hold a significant position. Dogs are often chosen due to their ability to respond and empathise with human emotions. According to a study published in a renowned healthcare journal, the interaction with dogs in therapy sessions can reduce stress and anxiety levels, aid in physical rehabilitation, and foster better communication skills in patients.

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Dogs can perceive when their human companions are distressed or upset and will often act to comfort them. This empathy, combined with their unqualified love, makes them perfect allies in a therapeutic context. They provide comfort, alleviate feelings of social isolation, and can motivate patients to be more active in their therapy sessions.

Physical Benefits of Animal-Assisted Therapy

Animal-assisted therapy is not just limited to mental health benefits; it also offers a wide range of physical benefits. According to a study from a prestigious health institution, AAT can help speed up recovery time for patients, increase their mobility, and even lower blood pressure.

For instance, petting an animal can produce an automatic relaxation response, reducing the amount of medication some folks need. Moreover, therapy animals can motivate patients to exercise more, which can lead to improved mobility and physical health.

One of the common animals used in physical rehabilitation is the horse. Equine-assisted therapy has shown great results in improving balance, joint mobility, and overall physical function, especially in patients with physical disabilities or those recovering from stroke or accidents.

Psychological and Emotional Benefits of AAT

Aside from physical wellness, animal-assisted therapy provides a plethora of psychological and emotional benefits. Interaction with animals can alleviate feelings of anxiety, provide comfort, and enhance a patient’s social interaction and self-esteem.

A review on Google Scholar reveals that AAT can be particularly useful for patients with mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The presence of an animal during therapy sessions can create a sense of calm and safety for the individual, allowing them to open up and express their feelings more freely.

In settings like nursing homes or schools, therapy animals can improve social interactions, reduce feelings of loneliness, and provide unconditional love and companionship. This leads to improved mood, better self-esteem, and an overall enhancement in quality of life.

The Growing Acceptance and Future of AAT

Over the years, the acceptance of animal-assisted therapy has significantly increased. As more research validates the benefits of AAT, it’s becoming a more common sight in various settings, from hospitals and mental health clinics to schools and nursing homes.

Healthcare providers are now increasingly incorporating AAT into their treatment plans, recognizing its unique ability to enhance both physical and emotional health. This growing acceptance, coupled with continued research into its application and benefits, suggests a bright future for AAT in the healthcare landscape.

It’s important to note, however, that while the benefits of animal-assisted therapy are significant, it’s not a one-size-fits-all solution. It’s a therapeutic approach that should be tailored to each individual’s needs and circumstances. Nonetheless, the potential of AAT is unquestionable, and its role in healthcare continues to expand.

The Application of AAT in Different Healthcare Settings

Animal-assisted therapy is not limited to a particular setting or group of patients. Its versatility allows it to be applied in various environments, from hospitals, mental health clinics, and rehabilitation centers to schools, nursing homes, and even prisons. The selection of therapy animals is customized according to the specific needs of the patient and the therapeutic objectives.

In hospitals, therapy dogs are frequently used to provide comfort and emotional support to patients and their families. Studies highlighted on PubMed Google show that the presence of therapy dogs can lower blood pressure and reduce anxiety in patients. In a similar vein, for children undergoing medical procedures, the companionship of a therapy dog can help reduce fear and stress.

In mental health clinics, AAT is frequently used as a supplementary treatment to conventional therapy. As per a Google scholar review, patients with mental health conditions like depression, anxiety, and PTSD have shown considerable improvement in their symptoms with the inclusion of animal-assisted therapy. The unconditional love, acceptance, and non-judgmental nature of animals create a safe and calming environment that facilitates open communication and emotional expression in therapy sessions.

Equine-assisted therapy, involving horses, has made significant strides in the field of physical and occupational rehabilitation. Riding and caring for horses can improve balance, coordination, and strength in individuals recovering from physical injuries or coping with physical disabilities.


The incorporation of animal-assisted therapy within the healthcare spectrum is a testament to its growing acceptance and the proven benefits it offers. As research continues to corroborate these benefits, it appears likely that AAT’s role within healthcare will only continue to broaden.

It is clear that the unique bond between humans and animals can transcend beyond companionship and becomes a powerful therapeutic tool. From reducing blood pressure to lessening anxiety, from enhancing physical activity to improving overall mental health, the benefits of animal-assisted therapy are multifaceted.

However, it bears mentioning that AAT is not a substitute for conventional therapy but rather a complementary tool. Its application should be personalized, considering the individual’s needs, medical condition, and comfort with animals. Given the significant potential of AAT, it will be exciting to see how this field continues to evolve and benefit healthcare in the future.

In conclusion, the presence of a therapy animal in the healthcare setting could make all the difference for patients. With their gentle nature and unconditional love, these furry therapists can provide comfort, motivation, and a sense of safety, facilitating the healing process in ways conventional therapy sometimes cannot. As we move forward, it’s safe to say that our furry friends will continue to play a crucial role in enriching our lives and our health.